Revision Shoulder Replacement

Total shoulder replacement is the replacement of the head of the humerus (upper arm bone) and the glenoid cavity (cavity of the shoulder blade) into which the humerus fits, with artificial prostheses to relieve pain, swelling and stiffness caused due to damage of cartilage at the articulating surfaces. The procedure usually has good results, but a revision surgery may occasionally be necessary due to persistent pain, infection, stiffness, weakness, instability, hardware loosening, malposition or fracture.

These complications occur with the formation of osteophytes (bone spurs), scar tissue, deficits in the supporting muscles, injury to nerves during surgery, soft tissue imbalance, and loose bodies. Complications may also occur when the components are too large, become loose or misplaced. Inadequate participation in the rehabilitation program and overstraining the repaired tendons too early are other causes for surgical failure.

Before considering revision surgery, your doctor will review your history and perform a thorough physical examination to identify the cause of failure and decide on the best approach to treatment.

Revision surgery is usually performed under general anaesthesia. You are positioned to allow all possible variations in the treatment plan. Incisions are made to gain optimal access to the problem, and usually follow previous incisions with extensions made as necessary. Revision involves removing any impeding structures such as scar tissue. Muscles, tendons and ligaments that are stiff are released to improve range of motion and those that are injured are repaired using tendon grafts. Ill-fitting components are replaced or altered. Fractures are stabilized by plates, screws and wires. Infections are usually treated by debridement of soft tissue (removal of dead, infected tissue) and irrigation with antibiotic solution. In cases of chronic infections, components may need to be replaced. Care is taken to protect muscular and neurovascular structures whose positions may be altered because of the previous surgery.

Shoulder Injections Coventry | Frozen Shoulder | Shoulder Osteoarthritis Banbury

Shoulder Injections

Ultrasound is a common imaging technique that employs high frequency sound waves to create images of organs and other internal structures of the body. These images provide valuable information of underlying pathology of the tissues and assists with diagnosis and planning the treatment of a condition. Ultrasound provides a clear view of the organs, tendons, muscles or joints and any associated disorders.

Ultrasound guided injection is a minimally invasive procedure used for treating various musculoskeletal painful conditions such as tendonitis, bursitis and neuritis or to perform cyst aspiration.

It is also an excellent tool for guiding the placement of needles for both diagnostic as well as therapeutic purposes.

Injection of a pain medication in combination with a local anaesthetic directly to the site of injury helps to relieve pain. The advanced imaging of ultrasound provides high resolution images that enable the physician to precisely locate the injections deep into the target tissue without harming surrounding tissues.

Advantages

The advantages of ultrasound imaging compared to other imaging techniques include the following:

  • No patient exposure to ionizing radiation.
  • Able to assess tendons, ligaments and muscles under high resolution.
  • Provides direct visualization of the area being treated.
  • Ensures accurate placement of the needle to targeted areas.

Indications

The indications for diagnostic ultrasound imaging technique include the following:

  • Diagnose conditions such as tendon/ligament tears, inflamed bursa, joint fluid and cysts.
  • Assess painful pops and snaps that occur during movement.
  • Deliver diagnostic injections to specific targets including joints and tendon sheaths or bursa.
  • Help guide needle placement during needle aspirations or injections for patients with challenging anatomical variations or people taking blood-thinning medications.
  • Aspiration of a ganglion cyst.
  • Guide needles in percutaneous therapy for the treatment of calcific tendonitis.

Procedure

The procedure is used for diagnostic as well as therapeutic purposes. Anti-inflammatory medications such as corticosteroids and hyaluronans are the most commonly used medications to relieve pain, inflammation and swelling or to stimulate synovial fluid production to improve lubrication.

Shoulder joint injection technique

Shoulder joint injections are commonly used for certain conditions such as osteoarthritis, frozen shoulder, or tendonitis. The administration of the injection to the shoulder joint depends upon the condition to be treated. The approach for application of the injection may be anterior, posterior, superior or inferior aspect of the joint.

During an ultrasound guided injection, the patient will be asked to lie or sit down on a table depending on the site of the injection. A clear water based conducting gel is applied over the skin to assist with transmission of the sound waves. The doctor moves a hand-held probe, called a transducer, over the targeted area. The transducer emits sound waves and detects the rebound echoes from the tissue. Images are created from these sound waves and can be viewed on the video display screen attached to the scanner. The waves provide a clear view of the targeted area and helps the doctor locate the correct site for injection.

Related Conditions:

Shoulder Injections Coventry | Frozen Shoulder | Shoulder Osteoarthritis Banbury

Shoulder Injections

Ultrasound is a common imaging technique that employs high frequency sound waves to create images of organs and other internal structures of the body. These images provide valuable information of underlying pathology of the tissues and assists with diagnosis and planning the treatment of a condition. Ultrasound provides a clear view of the organs, tendons, muscles or joints and any associated disorders.

Ultrasound guided injection is a minimally invasive procedure used for treating various musculoskeletal painful conditions such as tendonitis, bursitis and neuritis or to perform cyst aspiration.

It is also an excellent tool for guiding the placement of needles for both diagnostic as well as therapeutic purposes.

Injection of a pain medication in combination with a local anaesthetic directly to the site of injury helps to relieve pain. The advanced imaging of ultrasound provides high resolution images that enable the physician to precisely locate the injections deep into the target tissue without harming surrounding tissues.

Advantages

The advantages of ultrasound imaging compared to other imaging techniques include the following:

  • No patient exposure to ionizing radiation.
  • Able to assess tendons, ligaments and muscles under high resolution.
  • Provides direct visualization of the area being treated.
  • Ensures accurate placement of the needle to targeted areas.

Indications

The indications for diagnostic ultrasound imaging technique include the following:

  • Diagnose conditions such as tendon/ligament tears, inflamed bursa, joint fluid and cysts.
  • Assess painful pops and snaps that occur during movement.
  • Deliver diagnostic injections to specific targets including joints and tendon sheaths or bursa.
  • Help guide needle placement during needle aspirations or injections for patients with challenging anatomical variations or people taking blood-thinning medications.
  • Aspiration of a ganglion cyst.
  • Guide needles in percutaneous therapy for the treatment of calcific tendonitis.

Procedure

The procedure is used for diagnostic as well as therapeutic purposes. Anti-inflammatory medications such as corticosteroids and hyaluronans are the most commonly used medications to relieve pain, inflammation and swelling or to stimulate synovial fluid production to improve lubrication.

Shoulder joint injection technique

Shoulder joint injections are commonly used for certain conditions such as osteoarthritis, frozen shoulder, or tendonitis. The administration of the injection to the shoulder joint depends upon the condition to be treated. The approach for application of the injection may be anterior, posterior, superior or inferior aspect of the joint.

During an ultrasound guided injection, the patient will be asked to lie or sit down on a table depending on the site of the injection. A clear water based conducting gel is applied over the skin to assist with transmission of the sound waves. The doctor moves a hand-held probe, called a transducer, over the targeted area. The transducer emits sound waves and detects the rebound echoes from the tissue. Images are created from these sound waves and can be viewed on the video display screen attached to the scanner. The waves provide a clear view of the targeted area and helps the doctor locate the correct site for injection.

Related Conditions: